Do I Really Need to Vaccinate My Pet?
Whether you are a new or seasoned pet owner, you may wonder how often you really need to vaccinate your pet. Many states have laws requiring certain vaccinations (like rabies) on a particular schedule but, beyond that, what is really necessary?
Vaccines are the most effective way to protect your pet from infectious disease. When your pet receives a vaccine, the body recognizes the antigen (foreign substance), and responds to it by creating antibodies. These antibodies help your pet’s immune system fight off future exposure to viruses and bacteria more efficiently.
Pet vaccines are classified into two groups: core and non-core. Core vaccines are those most recommended by veterinarians in the early stages of your dog or cat’s life (typically the first year), because they have immature immune systems that cannot fight off disease as easily as older animals. They treat widespread and easily transferred diseases that are typically hard to treat if contracted. It is important to know how long each vaccine is effective, so they can be administered as often as necessary (typically one or three years apart). Core vaccines include:
For both dogs and cats:
- Rabies– a vaccine that is required in almost all states. Rabies is a viral illness generally transmitted by a bite from an infected animal. It is one of the few that can be passed from animal to human, and can have debilitating and lethal effects.
- Distemper– protects your canine from Distemper, Hepatitis, Adenovirus 2, Parvovirus, and Parainfluenza.
- Bordetella– this is given to prevent Canine Cough, a highly contagious airborne illness resulting in a dry, hacking cough that can last for many weeks.
- Canine Influenza Virus– A fairly new respiratory illness that is highly contagious. Most dogs have not been exposed to it and, therefore, have not built up the necessary antibodies.
- FVRCP– Feline distemper presents as a respiratory infection, followed by a gastrointestinal infection, and can affect the nervous system and eyes.
Non-core vaccines are given depending on how prevalent a disease is in your area, or whether your pet is predisposed to certain conditions. Your vet will be able to determine which non-core vaccines, if any, are necessary. Non-core vaccines include:
- Lyme Disease– transmitted by deer ticks. Your vet may recommend this as an annual vaccine if your pet is exposed to environments with a high population of whitetail deer.
- Leptospirosis– most commonly found in areas where wildlife is present, such as ponds. Leptovirus is passed through exposure to bodily fluids and tissue of infected animals.
- Leukemia– Feline Leukemia Virus is highly contagious, and easily transferred through casual contact such as grooming and sharing feeding bowls with an infected cat. Indoor and indoor/outdoor cats are most susceptible.
Quality Pet Care in Potomac, MD
Falls Road Veterinary Hospital has been serving Potomac, Maryland, and surrounding areas since 1988. We offer a wide range of services including vaccinations, wellness exams, grooming, dentistry, and emergency care. We also have a fully stocked on-site pet pharmacy for your prescription needs. Contact us today to schedule your appointment!